Mathematics is a language that makes use of symbols and notations for describing numerical, geometric and graphical relationships. It is a human activity that involves observing, representing and investigating patterns and qualitative relationships in physical and social phenomena and between mathematical objects themselves. It helps to develop mental processes that enhance logical and critical thinking, accuracy and problem solving that will contribute in decision-making.Mathematical problem solving enables us to understand the world (physical, social and economic)
around us, and, most of all, to teach us to think creatively (Department of Basic Education, 2011, p8.).


Mathematics is a game played according to certain simple rules with meaningless marks on paper – David Hilbert.


Analytical Geometry

  • Drawing figures on the Cartesian plane.

  • Equation, Gradient, Mid-point, Inclination of a line.

  • Parallel, Perpendicular lines.

  • Equation of a circle/of a tangent to a circle.



Euclidean Geometry

  • Diagrams, Polygons, Triangles and Similarity.

  • Circle geometry,Quadrilaterals, Ratio and proportion.

  • Proofs and conjectures.

  • Pythagorean theorem and Mid-point  theorem.



Finance and growth

  • Simple and Compound interest, Foreign exchange rates.

  • Timelines, Nominal and effective interest rates.

  • Future value annuities, Present value annuities.

  • Investment and loan options.




  • Grouping data, Measures of dispersion.

  • Five number summary, Variance and standard deviation .

  • Diagrams, Symmetric and skewed data.

  • Curve fitting, Correlation.





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