Life Sciences is the study of life at various levels of organisation and comprises a variety of sub-disciplines, or specialisations, such as: Biochemistry; Biotechnology;  Microbiology;  Genetics;  Zoology; Botany;  Entomology;  Physiology (plant and animal);  Anatomy (plant and animal);  Morphology (plant and animal);  Taxonomy (plant and animal); Environmental Studies; and  Sociobiology (animal behaviour).

By studying and learning about Life Sciences, learners will develop:

  • Their knowledge of key biological concepts, processes, systems and theories;
  • An ability to critically evaluate and debate scientific issues and processes;
  • Greater awareness of the ways in which biotechnology and knowledge of Life Sciences have benefited humankind;
  • An understanding of the ways in which humans have impacted negatively on the environment and organisms living in it;a deep appreciation of the unique diversity of past and present biomes in Southern Africa and the importance of conservation;
  • An awareness of what it means to be a responsible citizen in terms of the environment and life-style choices that they make;an awareness of South African scientists’ contributions;
  • Scientific skills and ways of thinking scientifically that enable them to see the flaws in pseudo-science in popular media; and
  • A level of academic and scientific literacy that enables them to read, talk about, write and think about biological processes, concepts and investigations.
((Department of Basic Education, 2011, p.8-9).)

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