English as a home language or first additional language content.


Language is a tool for thought and communication. It is also a cultural and aesthetic means commonly shared among  people to make better sense of the world they live in. Learning to use language effectively enables learners to acquire knowledge, to express their identity, feelings and ideas, to interact with others, and to manage their world. It also provides learners with a rich, powerful and deeply rooted set of images and ideas that can be used to make their world other than it is; better and clearer than it is. It is through language that cultural diversity and social relations are expressed and constructed, and it is through language that such constructions can be altered, broadened and refined. (Department of Basic Education, 2011, p.8).



  • Prepared speech.

  • Unprepared speech/informal speaking in group.

  • Narrative/descriptive/ discursive/argumentative/ reflective.

  • Listening and Analyzing comprehension.




  • Longer Transactional writing: Friendly/formal letters.

  •  Curriculum vitae and covering letter/ obituary/agenda.

  • Proofs and conjectures.

  •  Minutes of meeting /report/review newspaper article/magazine article/dialogue/interview.



Language in context

  • Comprehension, Summary, Language structures and conventions.

  • Contextual questions.

  • Analyse an extract, facts-based, short-answer questions.

  • Information Retrieval Approach, Learning Approach, Evaluation.




  • Shorter transactional text and conceptualization.

  • Filling in forms/ Directions/ Instructions.

  • Advertisements/Diary entries/ Postcards.

  • Flyers/ Posters/emails/ Invitation cards.



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